In most cases, it is not sensible to move an individual who is injured either at home, workplace or in the wilderness. It is best to wait for the emergency medical team to arrive in order to prevent further harm to the individual. Nevertheless, if the individual is in a dangerous location such as close to a fire, wild animals, rising water levels or there is an approaching storm, you can create a stretcher with available materials.
Aside from creating a stretcher during emergencies, if you want to learn the basic first aid skills that are beneficial in the workplace or in the wilderness, click here.
Materials that you need
Gather the three essential items that you need in order to create a stretcher. First, you need a blanket, sheet of plastic, tarpaulin or almost anything similar to a blanket that you can find. Next, you have to gather several tree limbs, poles or long rods that will be used as handles. If the individual is at the beach, you can utilize two sailboard masts and a sail. During camping trips, a blanket or sleeping bag along with several strong saplings can be used. If in a workshop, you can pull off a tarp and obtain several poles. Take note that any of these can work.
Lay out of the stretcher
Place the blanket on the ground so that you will work at the long edge of the blanket with the short edges to the left and right. Once properly positioned, prepare the poles that you will use.
Position the first pole on top of the blanket parallel to the sides and approximately 1/3 of the width of the blanket from the right edge of the blanket. You have to fold the part of the blanket to the right side of the pole over it just like a flap and position it across the pole and the middle part of the blanket.
Place the second pole on top of the blanket within the edge of the flap that was just folded over the first pole and middle section of the blanket. Fold the left side of the blanket from the pole to the left edge over the top of the second pole and position it across the middle section on the top of both poles. Do not forget to repeat laying the first pole on the right third, fold the right side over and then place the second pole on the left third and then fold the left side on the top of both poles.
Transporting the stretcher
You have to lay the individual carefully on top of the blanket. If possible, ask as many people to help when lifting and moving the individual. Avoid forcing the damaged body parts to move in order to prevent further injury. Take note that the weight of the individual on the blanket will keep it from slipping on the poles.
There should be two people on either end of the stretcher and instruct to lift by the poles. During the transport, make sure to walk out of step with each other to prevent the stretcher from swinging. If there are others ready to help out, they should walk alongside and hold the poles at the center. You can practice a few times so that you are prepared to create a stretcher during emergencies when needed.