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What is cirrhosis?

Cirrhosis is the scarring of the liver brought about by long-term damage. The scar tissue prevents the liver from functioning properly. The condition can eventually lead to liver failure where the organ ceases to function which can be deadly. Nevertheless, it takes years for the condition to reach this phase and treatment can help in […]

Close look on cytomegalovirus

Cytomegalovirus is a common form of virus belonging to the herpes family. The virus spreads via bodily fluids such as urine and saliva as well as close contact with young children especially when changing diapers. What are the phases of infection? One can acquire cytomegalovirus at any age but most are initially infected during childhood […]

Overview on costochondritis

Costochondritis involves inflammation of the cartilage that links the ribs to the sternum or breastbone. It is important to note that this region is called as the costochondral joint. The cartilage functions as a shock absorber to cushion the joints. The condition might settle on its own after a few weeks, but can persist for […]

Overview on the bird flu

The bird flu is an infectious form of influenza that affects birds. In sporadic instances, it can spread to humans. There are various strains of the bird flu virus where most do not infect humans. The 2 strains that caused serious concern is the H5N1 and H7N9. Even though these viruses do not easily infect […]

What is acute inflammation?

Inflammation is the normal protective response of the body to irritation, injury or surgery. It is important to note that this natural defense provides increased blood flow to the area which results to the buildup of fluid. As the body initiates this protective action, the symptoms of inflammation arise such as: Pain Swelling Increased redness […]

Diabetes: Foot complications

Individuals with diabetes are susceptible to foot issues due to nerve damage and poor circulation. It is important to note that nerve damage results to the loss of sensation in the feet, where the individual has diminished ability to feel pain and discomfort. As for the poor circulation in the foot, it lowers the ability […]

What is Perthes disease?

Perthes disease or Legg-Calve-Perthes disease is an uncommon ailment affecting children. It is likely to affect boys than girls and generally between the ages of 4-10 years old. The condition involves the hip joint and femoral head. It is important to note that the blood supply to this region of bone is disrupted. The inadequate […]

Close look on degenerative disc disease

Degenerative disc disease involves the deterioration process that affects the intervertebral discs. These discs are positioned between the bony vertebral bodies in the spine that absorb shock. The intervertebral discs at birth are comprised mainly of 80% water. As one starts to age, the discs dry out which leads to diminished shock absorption and high […]